Thinking Critically about Breastfeeding

We went to breastfeeding classes and agreed that it was a no-brainer and breastfeeding was clearly the way to go.  But we just gave her formula, and I know it was the right thing. Here’s why: 

I’m no doctor. But my wife and I just delivered a baby yesterday. I write this from our hospital room.

My wife had high blood pressure, so our doctor recommended we deliver early. It was high before the pregnancy, and during the pregnancy. The doctor recommended that we induce a couple weeks before our due date. He is the expert, so we obviously said OK.

We induced. We got an epidural. Everything was going relatively smoothly, but we had some major issues at the end of delivery. The cord was wrapped around her neck, and she was stuck in the birth canal for over a minute. With some quick work from several nurses, they had her back to form quickly. It was dramatic, but all-in-all successful.

Now we’re into day two. Everything is going as suspected, but the more questions I ask, the more I realize that no one is really sure about anything. In the past twenty-four hours, our new baby has been screaming at the top of her lungs for almost half of it. Here is what they’ll tell you:

  • The first couple months are terrible.
  • It takes them a while to get used to the world.

Whatever. To me they eventually started to sound like excuses for being miserable. But if there is one thing that I’ve discovered through this journey is that we were designed to be happy.

So let’s go through the same process: we tried absolutely everything. New positions, new people. Changing this and checking that, nothing worked for a about twelve hours. Her base level was screaming and crying. Here’s what we know:

  • She was designed to be happy.
  • She is clearly not.

She doesn’t have many basic needs at this point. At least not many that require feedback from her. We’d covered everything else, and I just couldn’t get around what our “lactation consultant” was saying about how little she needed, or how all babies lose weight after birth.

We had the baby early. We were both on board with it. We talked about the pros and cons with the doctor, and decided that it was the right thing.

We got an epidural. The plan was to try to do things as natural as possible, but my wife was having back labor, and was being induced anyways, so she decided that this was best for her and the baby. And I truly believe that it was necessary in our circumstances.

You don’t get it both ways. Yes, your body is perfectly programmed to provide for your baby. I’m not arguing with that. But when you set things in motion that weren’t ready yet, we need to think critically about our process. My wife was not going to deliver naturally for another two weeks, so obviously her milk was not ready yet. Here’s are some other birth interventions and how they may effect your feeding. 

I completely agree that breast milk is the best thing babies can eat, and in the right ratio, But if there is not much breast milk [or colostrum], formula is way better than nothing. It’s common sense, but don’t get so stubborn about it that you hurt your baby. Just remember, the goal is a happy and healthy baby. And we were already designed for that. 

Extra credit: The only difference between the baby now and in ten years is time, food, and size. But we’ve proven over and over again that time does not exist. Connect your own dots. 

Update: Our plan is to still breastfeed as much as possible for the health of the baby and her mother, once her milk comes in. In the meantime, we’re going to keep our baby happy with what we have. 



We cause Down Syndrome

I wish we didn’t, but we do. It’s important to know that to properly prevent it. 

Down Syndrome occurs way more often in older mothers. Look at the chart below. Why is that? I have no idea. What I do know, is what causes aging.


  • A 20-year-old woman has a 1 in 1,500 chance of having a baby with Down’s syndrome.
  • A 30-year-old woman has a 1 in 800 chance.
  • A 35-year-old woman has a 1 in 270 chance.
  • A 40-year-old woman has a 1 in 100 chance.
  • A 45-year-old woman has a 1 in 50 chance or greater.

The only thing that’s different in a woman that’s 20 and a woman that’s 40 is her mind. Maybe not all, but that’s where it all started. That’s the source of the aging.

Mental strain equals aging. Aging equals a better chance of having a kid with down syndrome. But if aging starts in the brain, and we know the cause, can we reduce the chances of these kids being born with these defects. Yes. You can take these precautions at any age.

The Global Down Syndrome foundation has this on its website: “Down syndrome has nothing to do with race, nationality, socioeconomic status, religion, or anything the mother or father did during pregnancy. [Source]” You just don’t have enough information to prove that. You’re also closing the door on other research or correlation that may help prevent this in the future.

Let’s just call it genetic. It’s easier. No one will feel guilty. It’s just simply not true. If it was genetic, why would older women have kids with it so much more often than younger women? 

Down syndrome is not genetic. Sorry. I wish it was. It has a positive correlation to the age of the mother. And we’ve already figured out what the difference is between old people and young people: the only difference. Their minds. We’ve traced the roots of the aging process to the brain, and have discovered the cycles that accelerate it. I know what you’re thinking: our genes change over time. That’s right. And what causes the genes to change? Stress. 

We cause Down syndrome. And it’s preventable. So if you’re trying to get pregnant at any point, but especially late in life, question your mental health first, and make sure you’re in the right place before taking the plunge. Your baby’s health depends on yours.

Metabolism: Eat more to age less

So as we get older, our metabolism slows, right? That’s what they tell us. I don’t see it quite that way.

What is your metabolism? It’s essentially how fast your body breaks down the food you eat. We know that fitter people have faster metabolisms. And younger people. So what in God’s green earth does that mean?

It means that the people with lower mental strain have faster metabolisms. The less you blink, the faster your body churns. And the faster your body churns, the slower you age. The slower you age, the less likely you are to get basically any disease. Or die young.

Your metabolism is another symptom of your perception of time. As your metabolism slows, your aging process accelerates. The beauty of all of it is that you control it. The decisions you make day in and day out determine this.

Proven ways to slow down your metabolism and age faster: drink, smoke, get fat. The others we have proven over several different posts: caffeine, SSRI’s, and glasses. If this sounds like crazy talk to you, you need to go back and do some reading.

But if you’re like everyone else, you’re not looking for the fastest way six feet under. You’re looking for a fountain of youth. You’re probably looking for a time machine, but you’d settle for a fountain of youth. You’d settle just to stay where you are. So would I.

What if I told you that I thought that was possible? We’ve proven that there is only one brain disease, and it’s curable. We’ve proven that aging starts in the brain. We’ve shown that athletes age much slower. They hit menopause later. They blink less. [this matters]. They don’t get cancer. They don’t lose their minds.

Fuel your body the way it was designed to be fueled. And go out and change the world.

Aging happens when you throw in the towel. Find something you’re passionate about. Find something to fight for. And pursue it with wreckless abandon. That’s your only hope.



Menopause, periods, and what they tell us about aging

So apparently there’s a time in most women’s lives when their bodies stop working the same. We call it menopause. The average age of onset is around 49 to 52 years of age, according to Wikipedia. Some countries have average ages around 44 [like India]. It’s not completely uncommon to have someone hit menopause at 40. Here’s a little chart of the onset age:


So what in the world does this tell us about aging? Here’s my take: menopause is a definitive milestone in aging, and should be a key factor in determining life expectancy and overall health.

Menopause, I think we can agree, is a negative thing. It happens as you age and is associated with depression, mood swings, anxiety, and irritability. It’s a negative indicator, but still an indicator. It tells you how you’re doing. It tells you how your body perceives time.

Why do people in India go through menopause so early? At least in part due to their caffeine consumption. Check out these articles. They drink more caffeine younger than most countries. Girls are hitting their periods as early as eight. Not to mention, that early menopause is on the rise in India as well. It is not a coincidence that all of these happen in the same country.

Menstruation periods are also another interesting set of time data. There’s a fairly wide array of different times of menstruation. Periods can vary from 21 to 35 days, and as always, we just chalk it up to ‘every person is a little different.’


So take a look at this chart. Obviously, there is a pretty wide spread of possible outcomes here. But what does it mean, if anything?

You have a couple interesting measurements here, that are personalized for your body. They are not meaningless.

Periods are just part of life for most women. They are told that the timing varies from person to person and from cycle to cycle. But just think about it for a second. If your body is doing the same thing this month in 21 days, and did it last month in 35 days, what did you do differently? Which is better?

The latter. Ever heard of exercised-associated Amenorrhea? It’s when lean female athletes miss periods. If you’ve read any of my other posts, I think the athlete is the ideal human. So when you’re cycle is longer or you miss your cycle, your lifestyle has basically been better than the month before. Whatever you’ve done, you’ve done it right. You’ve reduced mental strain in your life and begun to slow the aging process.

As you can imagine, studies have shown that average length of menstrual cycle correlates to the onset age of menopause. Here’s an excerpt from this study:

The age at which the final natural menstrual period occurs may be a marker for hormonal status or changes earlier in life.91 In the landmark Treloar longitudinal study of largely white, well-educated women, those whose median menstrual cycle length between the ages of 20 and 35 years was fewer than 26 days underwent natural menopause 1.4 years earlier than women with cycle lengths between 26 and 32 days, whereas a later natural menopause (mean = 0.8 year later) was observed in women with cycle lengths of 33 days or longer.92 In addition, 9 or more days of variability in cycle length has been associated with a later age at natural menopause in this and other studies,52,59 although 1 study reported an earlier natural menopause in women with irregular menses.53

Does caffeine effect your cycle? Yes. Ladies who consume more than 300 mg of caffeine a day were twice as likely to have a cycle under 25 days. These same women were much less likely to have periods long periods. [Source]

Wow. That’s a lot of info. What does it mean? It means you should think critically about the length of your periods, because they are a very valuable tool of how fast you’re aging.  How can I possibly know that? Because I understand how it effects the human perception of time.

So use your cycle as a tool to avoid menopause and aging as long as possible. Reduce your caffeine intake, and help prolong these unwanted parts of late life.

Food is fuel

This is what you should be thinking on your diet, nothing else. It’s the mindset of athletes, and it will give you a new lease on life. 

We all need food. It is literally energy. A calorie in physics is a unit of energy.

All food is essentially the same. There are fats, carbohydrates, and proteins. You need all of these. You can debate the ratio, but if you don’t get enough of any, you will not perform or function at your best. I tend to agree that there are vary levels of health of different food, but I’d rather you eat a donut than not eat.

Your body needs it to perform. You are an engine that runs on food. Think critically about what you put in it, but don’t starve yourself and expect improved results.

Your body needs it to recover. Just because you ran today doesn’t mean you can’t eat a decent supper.

Your brain needs food. It just does. Sure, healthier choices help it perform better. But it needs something to function. Low/no carb diets may impair memory. 

Top athletes don’t starve themselves. Eat like an athlete, not a model. If you’re like me, getting in the exercise is not the problem. That’s the fun part. The diet is the painful part. There are successful athletes in almost every subclass of diet.

It’s not difficult. Your body is programmed to tell you when to eat and what to eat. Don’t ignore it. It knows better than you do what’s good for it. There’s a reason we’re all carbohydrate addicts.

Your body is perfectly designed for your lifestyle. If you’re trying to make a change, change your lifestyle, not your diet.

Think about how a kid eats. Sometimes you have to force them sit down and do it. Eventually they do it, even if they may just eat a plate of Oreo’s and strawberries. Then they are straight back out playing. As they should be. And as we should be too. 

Should I drink caffeine while I’m pregnant?

No. Absolutely not. 

Here’s why: the verdict is really still out on this. Some people say you can have a cup or two of coffee a day. There are studies saying up to 300 mg per day of caffeine is safe for your baby.

Here’s my issue with that. We don’t even know what caffeine does to the brain yet, so how can we possibly tell you how much to take?

We’re really not all that sure about what you should do about your anti-depressants either. We know that they increase several different risk factors in your baby, but if you’re chronically depressed, it seems like the consensus is to stay on your meds. I mean this makes sense on the surface.

Read the warning labels and side effects on your anti-depressants. They do not mix well with pregnancy. So, in my opinion, just don’t get pregnant while you’re depressed. Adding another variable to your happiness equation just makes no since at this point. Here’s an article tying SSRIs in expectant mothers to depression and anxiety in teenagers and teens.

We know you shouldn’t smoke while you’re pregnant. There’s all sorts of info on this subject. The most interesting reason is that is causes premature birth. We’ll get into why that’s interesting later.

We know you shouldn’t drink while you’re pregnant. But do we know why? Because it messes with the neurological development of the baby. But why and how?

You’re already on board with these things. They are common knowledge. More than that, you’d be scorned if you did anything else. It’s been common practice for years, maybe longer. But there’s more to the story. 

Older women have a higher rate of miscarriage? Check out this chart.


It’s clear that older women have a significantly higher percent chance of miscarriage. But how can this be? If time does not exist, as we’ve discussed before, what is different in these woman as they get older?

Mental strain. Blink rate. Brainbeats. Call it whatever you want. These women have already started aging, and their time perceptions have begun to accelerate. They are more likely to have glasses, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and whatever else.

So by having higher resting brain activity, these women in general have a harder time getting pregnant, and are much more likely to miscarry.

The cool thing is, you may can get pregnant at 60 if you understand this concept. It’s not just for that actress that looks 40. The only barrier between you and your former self is you.


So you may be aware that my brain model includes a perfectly functional human brain for everyone. That’s where we may have an issue here. The unborn baby may have the perfect opportunity for a perfect brain, but his or her mother’s habits will impact his life. If the mother is taking antidepressants, something that we largely do not understand, she may be robbing her baby of a chance of normalcy.

Pregnancy is a young woman’s game. More like a healthy woman’s game. If aging is in the mind, it really doesn’t matter how many days into your life you get pregnant. The biggest issue, though, is that we don’t even know the things that are hurting us. So you can do “all the right things” and still end up depressed, bipolar, manic depressive.

So it’s actually pretty simple: younger people get pregnant easier for the same reasons they don’t get cancer as often. We know that aging is a brain disease, and it starts in the brain. We’ve talked about how to slow it, by reducing mental strain.

There are other factors at play here, obviously. But I’m not a doctor, so I’m not going to weigh in on those. What I know about is the human perception of time. And this is how it applies to pregnancy.

In summary:

  • Alcohol effects pregnancy.
  • Tobacco effects pregnancy.
  • Antidepressants effect pregnancy.
  • Caffeine effects pregnancy.
  • Younger people get pregnant easier, and have fewer complications.

If aging is the biggest correlation to miscarriages, and we have the solution to aging, then we know what to do have the best possible chance at a successful pregnancy.

We’ve already connected tobacco, alcohol, and antidepressants before. But there were some other items on that list: caffeine and glasses. I know what you’re thinking. That’s absurd! Maybe so. Take a look at some of my earlier posts and decide for yourself. We don’t have the full story here. Eliminate the things that are changing your brain, and retake your life, and give your baby the best possible chance.



Not blinking is the cure to cancer

Warning: this is a long post. Remember to think critically and with an open mind.

I’ve alluded to the fact that cancer is going to always be incurable, so there is no reason to waste time searching for a cure. Cells have to die eventually right? But think with me for a minute.

How many active professional athletes have gotten cancer? Almost none, percentage wise.

If your brain controls your perception of time, and you control your mind is it possible to slow down time and aging to a point where you could live a long and happy life with cancer in your body? I think the answer is yes.

So what do we know about cancer?

Cancer ebbs and flows. Sometimes people go into remission and then it shows up again. We have no idea why.

We can stabilize the disease. I think this is the goal. So what if you have a little cancer in a sliver of one organ. As long as it stays put, you don’t die.

Chemo is terrifying. We’re administering chemicals to stop cell division. All cell division. The list of side effects is as long as it is scary. But we’re talking about weighing life and death here,  it’s worth it.

It’s a disease for old people. I know that you always hear about the kids with cancer, but check out this graphic:


People have lived long and healthy lives with cancer. Find your own examples.

Yes. Chemo has its benefits. It’s savage but we want to live.

There’s obviously surgery. We cut you open, and cut out the cancer, and sew you back up. Hopefully, the cancer is done spreading and we got it all out.

There’s also radiation. This is the use of X-rays to slow the process of tumors. There’s as much info about this as you could ever want. But it really doesn’t reverse anything. It just slows the natural process.

Wait. If we slow time for individuals, we could slow the progress of cancer. If we stop aging, we stop cancer.

Here’s the issue: cancer is a result of aging. The side effects of chemo and radiation-depression, anxiety, weight-loss- cause mental strain and accelerate the aging process. Look at the physical and emotional toll that these procedures and treatments take on the human body.

So if our goal is to slow the cancer by slowing the body’s perception of time, what should we do? I’m no oncologist. But there were probably some things that you were doing already that were shifting your perception of time without you even knowing it.

Ok. What do we know? We know that aging starts in the brain. We know that cardio athletes seem to age much slower. We know that caffeine alters the perception of time and changes the aging process. Glasses do similar things to the brain. Read How to age like white people.

Check out this study. Blink rate was tied to the results of an IQ test. Scientists tied blink rate to mental strain in 1927. You read that right. 1927. That’s over 90 years ago. How in the world does this apply to cancer? Bear with me.

So what do we know about blinking?

It definitely slows down when you’re reading. Like typically to less than 5 blinks per minute.

It speeds up in conversation a good deal. It makes sense, though. It take a lot more brain power to hold an intelligent conversation than it does to read a book.

Diseases associated with dopamine alter blink rates. There is clearly a relation here to brain function.

Infants only blink one or two times per minute. This increases throughout childhood, and by adolescence, it’s usually similar to that of adults. This is in the delta brain state where there is the least amount of mental strain.

Our perception of time accelerates as we age. We’re aging seven times faster than infants because of the mental strain in our lives. [Growing does not mean aging.]

You know what else happens in the years from 0-7? You learn. A lot. The brain is being programmed and looks like it’s in a state of meditation compared to adults.

Blinks are important in diagnosing some medical conditions. Too much blinking can be a risk factor for Tourette syndrome, strokes, or other nervous system disorders.

People with Parkinson’s blink less. On the surface, this makes zero sense. There is also a subgroup of Parkinson’s sufferers who blink more often, so let’s call it a wash. The theory would be that this has no idea with the perception of time, but the nature of the disease attacks the portions of the brain controlling this type of action. 

So blink rates are our barometer. I think “brainbeats” would be similar as discussed in a different post. Our blink rates reflect our perception of time. [This does not account for other factors like dry eyes.] Even with dry eyes, a reduced blink rate would be a good thing. The perception of time would have slowed. Mental Strain has been reduced.

Look at Kevin Durant. Have you ever seen the man blink? Has he aged a minute since he turned 17? Athletes, blink less.  Just think about it. Especially the sports that require the most focus and precision.


So if you blink less, you age less. [Holding your eyes open doesn’t count] And as anything else, this is going to vary throughout the day. What we’re talking about here is resting blink rate.

So here’s what I’m saying: cancer is a disease for old people. Blinking is your cue for your personal time perception. Slow down time and live longer and happier. Slow down time by reducing mental strain. Control what you can and fight cancer by fighting the aging process.

If you’re wondering how to reduce mental strain, here’s a great place to start. 

Is Running the Key to Aging?

As always, let’s start somewhere completely unrelated: adolescence. 

Think about this for a moment: if our brains control our bodies, do we control our own adolescence? We always talk about puberty like it’s some event that “happens when it happens.” Consider for a moment that we play at least some role in our own development. I think it’s more than that, but I want you to keep reading.

We do not know why some people go through puberty before others. We just don’t. There’s a nice age range and we know that girls typically go before guys, but that’s about it.

So let’s make our typical assumptions. If time does not exist, what is the difference between our subject when she’s 10 and when she’s 15? Her mind. So if her mind is the only thing to change, and we know that age of puberty onset is not genetic, how do we control when we hit puberty?

There are disparities in puberty onset of different races. Take a look at this. There’s a significant average onset age difference between different races and cultures. Surely you know by now that I don’t buy into the fact that genetics controls everything we don’t understand. There are other factors at play here, and we should look at them with an open mind.

Puberty begins earlier in African American girls. We’ve looked into black culture a good bit over the past month. You know what else we know about black girls, generally speaking? They don’t workout

Think about this for a moment: Female track athletes almost always look like they’re fifteen, or younger. You pick your definition of the development of women, and you will not find it in these girls.

See what I mean?

Running is known to help longevity.  This article goes a lot further than that. It’s basically saying that running is the fountain of youth. So I’ve already written about how aging starts in the brain, so if that is true, what does running do to the brain? I found an article about that too, but then I got to thinking: if we don’t know how the brain works, how can we say what running does that will benefit it? Here’s what you should take away from this: aging is not what you want to do. People get ugly and less productive, and less functional as they age. Cancer and most all diseases develop later in life, as we age. So if running is what we say keeps you from aging, you should run. Or pick your cardio of choice.

So if we know that you today is the same as you tomorrow, and is the same as you in five years, what does running to do slow down the aging process? We know now that aging starts in the brain. As the brain ages, the body ages.

Running can change your brain.  This is a great post that explores the mental benefits from running at several different angles. I think it’s simple: running is a stress reliever and the right amount of cardio helps alter our perception of time.

Think about the sports where the athletes look the best. In my opinion, basketball, soccer, and tennis. Three of the most run-intense sports. I prefer to look at the professional athletes, because you’ll get a larger percentage of days and time on court. The NBA players are in a league of their own.

So find your venue of choice, and go running.

Why don’t you wear glasses in your dreams?

Here’s a fun question to ask yourself. What is the nature of dreams? Why do we dream?

You’re obviously not wearing glasses in your dreams. Duh. So what does that tell us. Here’s what I think it means: your dreams are a simulation of the ideal you. A world where you’re not worrying about expectations or filters or fears or anxiety or any of the other things that plague you day to day. It’s an ideal you.

You don’t wear glasses in your dreams, because you don’t need them. The ideal you is at your ground state, and your dreams are a simulation of the ideal you. If you read my first post about sleep, or know anything about it, the REM cycle brain activity looks a lot like your brain when awake. The non-REM portion of the night helps us to recover with the slowest brain activity of our days. Why is the brain so active for half the night?

Do animals dream? Yes. Less some reptiles and insects. What does that say about their souls?

The people from Atlantis didn’t dream. Do what? That’s what this article says. What does that mean? They were a civilization way ahead of their time. What does their ability to dream say about their nature?

There was a show that aired a while back on NBC called Awake. It got cancelled after a season or two, but my wife and I liked it. Essentially a cop was losing his mind and losing touch with the difference between dreams and reality. The show swapped back and forth between two different realities, and they effected each other, without ever really knowing which was a dream and which was reality.

What types of disorders come from not dreaming? It’s hard to tell is someone is not dreaming or not able to recall their dreams, but we’re pretty sure that it’s not necessary for physical or mental health.

What is happening in lucid dreaming? It’s an awareness while you’re dreaming. It’s apparently a acquirable skill with some benefits. Jack Nicholas tweaked his golf game while asleep. The periodic table of elements was designed in a dream. They literally have tricks for lucid dreamers to figure out if they’re awake. Does lucid dreaming undermine the success of those people from Atlantis?

In summary, dreams are an important and widely unsolved riddle of humanity. I think the fact that most people with glasses see clearly in their dreams, tells us a lot about the nature of dreams as well as the nature of reality. To fully understand the mind, we need to fully understand dreams, and it’s a puzzle where we have only begun to skim the surface.


How’s your memory?

What do we know about memory? We have practically unlimited memory, but seem to have trouble accessing it. If we use the same brain model, we have to assume that the brain is doing nothing wrong. Our recall or imprint ability may be hindered by some outside forces at play.

There’s a correlation between vision and cognitive function in the elderly. Here’s a study that compares vision to cognitive function in the elderly. Think about how this applies to Alzheimer’s. Refractive errors cloud memories.

If we improve eyesight, does memory improve as well? My memory is getting better with my vision. I can tell you that. Although I have know way of quantifying it at this point. So just count me in for another theory. Think about it though: if the brain is really just a perfect computer, and eyesight is a symptom of mental strain, would it be so unreasonable to suggested that it effected our memory recall as well?

Emotional intensity can help prioritize memories. Think about that bad break up or the funeral of a loved one. Think about where you were during the 911 attacks. Some events can be “buried” in your memory just the same.

Clarity of memories does not depend on the time since the event was experienced. Think about your clearest memories. It’s not just yesterday. There’s also that time when you were twenty-one, and your birthday…way back when.

What is the nature of memory? If there is no such thing as time, how does memory work? We can recall large amounts of information from all over our lives with relative ease. What’s the difference between long-term and short-term memory? Can you have one and not the other?

Short term memory is really just recall after 15-30 seconds. Long term memory is really what we call memory. Here’s another big simplification: there’s no short term memory. If we’re ignoring time [and I am] then they are the same anyways. 

False confessions have figured into 24% of the 289 cases overturned by DNA evidence. We know that memory is infamously unreliable in court cases. Witnesses just don’t always seem to get it right. False confessions may have other variables at play, but memory plays a role. If you clearly remember not committing a crime, why would you ever confess to doing it? This article says that people who are mentally ill are more susceptible to these false confessions.

Not all memory fades with age. This article basically says that there are different types of memory, and older people still have access to some of them. For instance, they can remember a name and a not a face or vice versa. I’d like to challenge this approach with the theory that memory is absolute. Recalling all you know about a given event or person would be your baseline. Anything less than that would be distortion.

So what are my takeaways here? Your memory can be improved, just like your eyesight. We know now why the elderly have problems seeing, and it effects their memory as well. So take back your sight, and take back your mind, and take back your memory.